This video on Gastritis / Acidity / gas problems / heart burn is in Hindi and we had added English subtitles for easy understanding. we will talk about causes of gastritis, symptoms of gastritis (पेट में जलन / Acidity / gas problems / heart burn), investigations which are used to confirm gastritis and also so used to identify the complications, and we will also talk about the medical treatment of gastritis in Hindi.
Gastritis is the inflammation of the stomach lining Gastritis is of two types of acute gastritis, in which the inflammation develops suddenly, and chronic gastritis in which inflammation of the stomach develops gradually.
Symptoms of Gastritis / Acidity/ gas problems / heart burn Burning sensation in the upper part of the abdomen, पेट में जलन Pain and
heaviness in the abdomen
Fullness of abdomen
Blood in vomitus and in stools
Blood in vomitus and stools and black stools are a medical emergency for which patient has to consult a Gastroenterologist
When to consult a doctor? if the symptoms don’t get relieved within a week black stools blood in vomiting and in stools symptoms interfere with daily activities The patient developed severe debility due to symptoms
Causes of Gastritis (पेट में जलन / Acidity/ gas problems / heart burn):
Bad dietary habits and lifestyle like intake of spicy food, fatty and fried foods, junk food, alcohol Smoking Mental stress Lack of sleep Stomach infection by helicobacter pylori bacteria Medicines like NSAIDs, steroids, anticancer drugs, antibiotics Severe infection Major surgery Burn Trauma Autoimmune gastritis which is associated with Vitamin B12 deficiency, Type 1 Diabetes and other autoimmune diseases
Investigations used to confirm gastritis (पेट में जलन / Acidity/ gas problems / heart burn) and also used in identifying complications: upper gastrointestinal endoscopy tests to identify Helicobacter pylori infections which include stomach biopsy, blood test, stool test, breath test complete blood count Liver function test Stool occult blood test
Treatment options for gastritis (पेट में जलन / Acidity / gas problems / heart burn) Proton Pump Inhibitors which include Omeprazole, pantoprazole, rabeprazole H2 blockers which include famotidine, Nizatidine antibiotics against Helicobacter pylori infection which include amoxicillin, Clarithromycin, Metronidazole antacids which include a combination of aluminum/ magnesium