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Primary Bladder Closure

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This is surgery to prevent the constant leakage of urine by a condition known as bladder exstrophy; where the affected children do not have a properly formed bladder and are exposed in an inside-out condition, in many cases, covered by a thin membrane. In Primary Bladder Closure, the bladder and abdominal wall are closed so that the bladder is inside the body and in the correct position. After the surgery, urine is drained from the bladder through several catheters (plastic tubes) placed inside the bladder.