Cardiac Surgery, also known as cardiothoracic & Vascular surgery, is a speciality dealing with surgical procedures performed by cardiac/cardiothoracic surgeons, on the heart or the blood vessels. The main purpose of cardiac surgery is to improve the quality of life of the patient and to extend the patient’s lifespan. Cardiac surgery involves substantial risks. These risks increase with age and when the individual has other health problems like diabetes, chronic kidney failure, chronic lung disease, etc. The most common types of surgeries performed by cardiac surgeons are :-
A Cardiothoracic Surgeon plays a vital role in the healthcare team. They operate to treat diseases/complications that arise in the organs inside the chest cavity, especially the heart and the lungs. They start by diagnosing chest / heart diseases by performing an extensive examination of the patient’s body and a series of tests to diagnose the disease that you may be suffering from. Post-test results and examination, the surgeon decides whether a surgical procedure needs to be performed.
After the surgery, a cardiothoracic surgeon is also responsible to monitor patients in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU); although cardiac surgery is very safe, complications may occur in few cases, including arrhythmias (irregular heart-beats), stroke, post-operative bleeding, collection of fluid around the lungs, infection, or thrombosis.
A cardiothoracic surgeon may treat the following:-
If you are suffering from any of the above complications, search for a “cardiac surgeon near me” and consult one immediately.
Surgeries always carry risks and complications. The major threat to the patient’s body is of infection and excessive bleeding, although these two can be minimized by minimally invasive surgeries. In cases of transplantation, the greatest risk is rejection. When this happens, the body attacks the new/foreign organ until it also fails. Thus, the surgeons provide medications and some precautionary measures that should be taken on a regular basis in order to decrease the complications rate after transplantation or open-heart surgery.
The path to becoming a cardiothoracic surgeon is difficult and long, but rewarding. Most students endeavoring to become a cardiothoracic surgeon follow the road that starts by spending five and a half years in graduation(M.B.B.S.) from a medical college, followed by three years at post-graduation in general surgery, along with a super specialization of 3 years in Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery.